1) Why do you believe that China’s pro-activity regarding proposals for institutional design or reform has been an ignored phenomenon?
Based on a relatively comprehensive literature review, I found it an ignored phenomenon. I think this probably results from most scholars’ belief that China is going on its way of being integrated into international society and therefore China is a rule-taker rather than a rule-shaper.
2) Along the article it becomes clear the existence of a Chinese concern for developing countries. Such stance is explained based on China’s interest as well as on China’s empathy to the principled pro-development idea. In this sense, what would be these interests and why does China nourishe given developing principles?
In some cases, China’s concern for developing countries can be explained in terms of its interests. For instance, China would benefit from increasing the representation and voice of developing countries in international financial institutions. Also, China would be a beneficiary of the reform of anti-dumping rules in the WTO.
I think there are two reasons for China’s empathy to the pro-development idea. First, since China is still a developing country albeit the largest one, China is fully aware of the importance of development for developing countries based on its own experience; Second, China has developed cooperative relationship or partnership with many developing countries in a wide range of international affairs, which led to China’s support for developing principles its partners preferred in the reform of global economic governance, although China could not benefit from such a reform in terms of its interests.
3) Beyond the already acknowledged Chinese prominence concerning international economic governance and its institutions, as pointed out in the article through G-20 and WTO, in which other spheres has China demonstrating greater influence and how?
In addition to international economic governance, China has demonstrated its pro-activities regarding institutional design or reform on the issues of the UN reform, global climate change governance and development aid. In terms of the UN reform and global change governance, China’s influence was exerted through proposing behavior the article discusses. In the case of development aid, China exerted pressures on the existing development regime in the OECD framework with its unique style of providing foreign aid and its cooperation with other BRICS countries in building BRICS Development Bank. Unlike China’s proposing behavior in WTO and G20, China’s influence on the OECD development aid regime was exerted through its practice of alternative models.
4) Is it important that an alternate view on China – other than northern countries’ – is being published in southern countries like Brazil? Why?
Yes. Because scholars from Brazil and other southern countries can understand China’s role in global governance from a perspective other than northern countries’ by reading it, and its publication can help promote the exchange of academic views on how to reform global governance through southern countries’ cooperative efforts between Chinese and Brazilian scholars as well as scholars from other southern countries.
Read the article:
LIU, Hongsong. China’s proposing behavior in Global Governance: the cases of the WTO Doha Round negotiation and G-20 process. Rev. bras. polít. int., Brasília , v. 57, n. spe, 2014 . Available from <http://www.scielo.br/article_plus.php?pid=S0034-73292014000300121&tlng=en&lng=en>. access on 18 Oct. 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-7329201400208.
Hongsong Liu is an associate professor in School of International and Diplomatic Affairs at Shanghai International Studies University (SISU), China.
Bruno Basílio Rissi is member of the Program of Tutorial Education in International Relations at University of Brasília -PET-REL and of the International Relations Analysis Lab – LARI (firstname.lastname@example.org)